DIY natural soap
To make soap with your own hands you will need:
1. Soap base
You can take ordinary baby soap (preferably odorless) or a soap base made from coconut and palm oil. It is much softer and softer, so it is easier to melt. Find and order a base (white or transparent) for cooking handmade soaps possible on the internet.
2. Base oils
They are added to the melted soap base and are needed in order to soften the soap and enrich it with useful substances and vitamins. Olive or sunflower oil is suitable, but you can add any: apricot, jojoba, almond, burdock, peach, etc. - or a mixture of them. Each has its own beneficial properties, and there are many recipes for handmade soaps, so the choice is yours. The main condition is that the base oil is odorless. If baby soap is taken as the basis, then in addition to oil, glycerin and vitamin E in liquid form, which are sold in pharmacies, can be added to the soap recipe.
3. Other additives
All kinds of essential oils, flower petals and herbs, coffee beans, oatmeal, berry seeds, ground spices, rice grains, honey, coconut flakes - this list goes on and on. You can’t just use fresh berries, fruits or vegetables, as handmade soaps can become moldy, especially during long-term storage. You should also be careful with essential oils: they can cause an allergic reaction, so you can add no more than 10-15 drops. To give the soap color, you will need dyes - either food or natural infusions of herbs and juices. Sometimes oil is used as a dye, which already has a saturated color, for example, sea buckthorn.
4. Tools at hand
To make soap with your own hands, you will need a kitchen scale, measuring utensils for weighing, 2 heat-resistant pots for a water bath, grater, wooden spoon, molds (plastic, wooden or ceramic).
Handmade Soap Recipes
Sage, Chamomile and Verbena
Composition: 200 g of soap, 3-4 tbsp. tablespoons of base oil, 150 ml of hot water, 20 g of herbal collection, green food coloring, 10 drops of essential oil. We rub the soap on a grater. In a water bath we heat the base oil and gradually add soap chips and water. Melt the soap to the state of sour cream and add the essential oil, dye and herbal to the softened mass. The resulting mass is poured into molds and left to dry for several hours.
Rosemary and Sea Salt
Recipe: 150 g of soap base, 750 ml of water, 2-3 tbsp. tablespoons of almond or cedar oil, a few drops of essential oil of eucalyptus or rosemary, a few drops of green food coloring or nettle extract, a glass bottle. We heat cedar oil in a water bath and gradually add a soap base to the oil. Then, stirring constantly, add water, essential oil and food coloring. Not bringing to a boil, pour the resulting mixture into a glass container for liquid soap and leave to cool. If you add coarse sea salt to this soap recipe, you’ll get a great body gel scrub.
Recipe: 150 g of soap base, 2 oranges, a few drops of orange aromatic oil, a few drops of yellow food coloring, a round washcloth made of natural fiber (cut into circles). We clean the zest from oranges and cut it into cubes or chips. Squeeze juice from two oranges and pass through a fine sieve. Melt the soap in a water bath, add orange juice, aromatic oil and a little dye. At the bottom of the prepared form we place a washcloth-circle, and from above fill it with the soap and let it dry.
The less water in the soap composition, the less soap will be deformed during drying. And, conversely, the more, the longer the soap will harden. In order not to make a mistake, add water gradually, stirring the soapy mass all the time, until it reaches the state of greasy sour cream or batter. For better melting of the mass, you can add a piece of sugar or honey.
Instead of a water bath, soap can also be melted in the microwave at a power of 500 watts. However, make sure that the soap does not boil.
• handmade soap molds
You can give the soap an interesting shape with the help of children's sand molds. To remove the finished soap from the mold, you need to hold it under hot water or put in the freezer for 10 minutes.
It is best to dry the soap for 2-3 days, periodically turning it over. So that the soap does not dry out and does not crack, it can be stored in cling film.
There are many recipes for layered and striped soaps. To make such a soap with your own hands, pour it into the mold gradually. Wait until one layer dries, and only then fill in the next.
A few more recipes for natural soap with your own hands - in the video tutorial of the director of the "School of Soap" Alevtina Chernetskaya: